COMENIUS SUBJECT 8 SPAIN
Universal and particular national cultures (religion, art, morality)
Comment authored by : Nieves Barriuso 1 º C IES Santa Clara. Santander. Spain
Francisco de Goya: Considered one of the great masters of painting in Spain,he was a painter and engraver. Born in a small Aragonese town, Fuentedetodos, on March 30, 1746 and died in Bordeaux, France on April 16, 1828. He began his formal education at age 14. In 1789 Goya was appointed painter to King Charles IV and in 1799 was the firstpainter. The horrors of war left a deep impression on him, personally I behold the battles between French soldiers and Spanish citizens during the years of the Napoleonic occupation.
The Shootings of May 3
268 x 347 cm
Oil on canvas
Exhibited at the Prado Museum, Madrid. Spain
Representation of the executions of patriots from Madrid by Napoleon’s army in retaliation to the uprising of May 2, 1808 against the French occupation of Spain
The composition is divided into two main parts: the first, to the left, a group composed of civilians, about twelve, in different positions, one covers his face, others already dead, lying on the ground, another appears praying, another with open arms … The right part is formed by a group of six soldiers pointing their guns at the group of civilians before them.On the civilian group, is the mountain of Principe Pio. And in the background, we see an architecture belonging to the city of Madrid and the black night where the action takes place, and covering the rest of the composition.
Goya used in this table primarily dark palette, dominated by the range of the black color of death, with significant mixing of colors associated with the range
Pablo Picasso 1881-1973 Born in Malaga, Spain
Comments authored by Marina Marín, Carlos Serrano, Denisse Aguirre IES Santa Clara. Santander. Spain
Spanish painter Pablo Picasso painted mural (1937) of bombing of Basque city of Guernica by German airforce during Spanish Civil War. Depicts victims of war, suffering women, children, and horse. Perhaps greatest painting about war ever made. Focuses on victims. Timeless and universal in its themes.
The fact that both Picasso and Goya were direct witness of war and its effects over civilians such as famine, misery and hate, pushed these great painters to fight against War and defende peace and freedom as universal values.
Picasso´s famous Guernica mural is known al around the World and it is a symbol for the fight for freedom, for peace and therespect of life and tolerance. Picasso wished to share a message for all minkind in which a cruel attack such as Gernica bombings should never happen again.
The same intent was in Goya´s mind when working in a series of works known as The Dissasters of War. He wanted to show how big power of destruction and deep hate emerged during War times and his intent was as much as Picasso did, to send all peoples on Earth a clear and strong message to defened and always fight to build a human society in which values such as tolerance, freedom, right to live and rejecting all types of violence and of course any kind of War beteen nations and peoles
Comments authored by Marina Marín,Carlos Serrano,Denisse Aguirre 1ºC IES Santa Clara. Santander. Spain
Spanish cultural identity through Picasso and Goya
A- Picasso and Gernika on War and Peace
B- Goya The dissasters of War
D- Picasso sites
E- Goya sites