SEFARAD AND SPAIN: A MEMOIR OF SPANISH CULTURAL IDENTITY
Comenius subject 9
Policies for the preservation of the cultural identity in a globalized world
DEFINITION OF CULTURAL RIGHTS: The right to preserve and enjoy one’s cultural identity and development.
ENVIRONMENTAL, CULTURAL, AND DEVELOPMENTAL RIGHTS: Sometimes referred to as third generation rights, these rights recognize that people have the right to live in a safe and healthy environment and that groups of people have the right to cultural, political, and economic development.
The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (1966), together with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1966), make up the International Bill of Human Rights. In accordance with the Universal Declaration, the Covenants recognize that … the ideal of free human beings enjoying civil and political freedom and freedom from fear and want can be achieved only if conditions are created whereby everyone may enjoy his civil and political rights, as well as his economic, social and cultural rights.
All peoples have the right of self-determination, including the right to determine their political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development.
Each State Party undertakes to take steps to the maximum of its available resources to achieve progressively the full realization of the rights in this treaty. Everyone is entitled to the same rights without discrimination of any kind.
The States undertake to ensure the equal right of men and women to the enjoyment of all rights in this treaty.
Limitations may be placed on these rights only if compatible with the nature of these rights and solely for the purpose of promoting the general welfare in a democratic society.
No person, group or government has the right to destroy any of these rights.
Everyone has the right to work, including the right to gain one’s living at work that is freely chosen and accepted.
Everyone has the right to just conditions of work; fair wages ensuring a decent living for himself and his family; equal pay for equal work; safe and healthy working conditions; equal opportunity for everyone to be promoted; rest and leisure.
Everyone has the right to form and join trade unions, the right to strike.
Everyone has the right to social security, including social insurance.
Protection and assistance should be accorded to the family. Marriage must be entered into with the free consent of both spouses. Special protection should be provided to mothers. Special measures should be taken on behalf of children, without discrimination. Children and youth should be protected from economic exploitation. Their employment in dangerous or harmful work should be prohibited. There should be age limits below which child labor should be prohibited.
Everyone has the right to an adequate standard of living for himself and his family, including adequate food, clothing and housing. Everyone has the right to be free from hunger.
Everyone has the right to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health.
Everyone has the right to education. Primary education should be compulsory and free to all.
Those States where compulsory, free primary education is not available to all should work out a plan to provide such education.
Everyone has the right to take part in cultural life; enjoy the benefits of scientific progress.
Source: Based on UN Centre on Human Rights, The International Bill of Rights, Fact Sheet #2.
Red de Juderías de España. Objetivos: La Red de Juderías de España es una asociación pública sin ánimo de lucro que tiene como objetivo la defensa del patrimonio urbanístico, arquitectónico, histórico, artístico y cultural del legado sefardí en España. Sitio web http://webjuderias.org (Spanish version)
Network of Jewish Quarters in Spain. Objectives: The Network of Jewish Quarters in Spain is a public non-profit organization that aims to defend the urban heritage, architectural, historical, artistic and cultural Sephardic Heritage in Spain.
http://www.redjuderias.org/red/index.php?lang=2 (English version)
Meetings in Sefarad Choosing Spain to arrange your business event is always a guarantee of success. We suggest holding your conference or corporate meeting at six historic Spanish cities which are outstanding for their unique cultural, monumental and gastronomic Jewish heritage: Avila (Castile-León), Cáceres (Extremadura), Cordoba (Andalusia), Girona (Catalonia), Segovia (Castile-León) and Toledo (Castile-La Mancha). All of them are members of the association Meetings in Sefarad, and belong to the Spanish Jewish Network
Sitio web http://meetingsinsefarad.com
Destination in Spain´s Sefarad cities
Casa Sefarad- Israel http://www.casasefarad-israel.es/en/
University studies Madrid Universidad Complutense http://www.ucm.es/info/hebrea/ Estudios hebraicos y arameo UCM
Radio Sefarad Sefarad Broadcasting http://www.radiosefarad.com/joomla/
MARK SHANKER – ILLUSTRATING LADINO PROVERBS (23/05/2012)
LA JUDERIA DE SEGOVIA http://www.redjuderias.org/red/upload/imagenes/AG-7-2057_2.pdf
THE JEWISH QUARTER
The Jewish Quarter of Segovia is located on the south side of
walled in the area between the
Corpus Christi Square and the Las Canonjías.
The main focus is the old Main Street, now called
This Aljama (named for having some
economic and legal independence) kept it a
rich history, which documents are retained
back to the thirteenth century, when the population
Jews lived scattered throughout the city. this
community came to own five different synagogues,
several madrasas, mikvah and the slaughterhouse itself.
For most of its existence, the Jewish
lived an atmosphere of comfort and hardly tell
episodes of violence against the Jewish population to
the fifteenth century. The Jewish community of Segovia was
composed of people of very diverse nature. their
professional activities were varied,
counting this community with physicians, pharmacists,
accountants, judges, craftsmen or traders. the
only activities that do not appear related to the
medieval Jewish population of Segovia are the care
livestock and farming.
The creation of a permanent enclosed space
happens at the end of the fifteenth century, a time of change
drastic. The mosque was closed with eight
own doors, using also two of the wall.
From the decree of expulsion issued by the
Catholic Monarchs in 1492, was renamed Jewry
The urban layout remains virtually
intact. In recent years, from 2005 to 2009, a
A.R.C.H. program (Hull Area Rehabilitation
History) has made possible a comprehensive reform of
neighborhood, which has been a substantial improvement
heritage of this area. Today, a stroll through the
Jewry can recapture the past, to which
also contributes the wide cultural offer:
guided tours, lectures, concerts, films,
workshops, tastings of Sephardic cooking,
book presentations …